The key is planting trees that do well in your region. The heart timber is red to red-brown, high density, hard, ... E. nitens (shining gum) is slightly harder and denser again. They should: Another group I’d mention are the sheoaks, Casuarina and Allocasuarina. Those on the flat were killed by frost the first winter but those on the hill have provided excellent firewood and the older trees have self-seeded. Eucalyptus have a much higher density than willow or poplar so these will produce longer burning logs and complement the other species well. Heatwise, eucalyptus is comparable to oak. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. As we have an open fire, no doubt this winter I will be learning which wood sparks and which burns well with the bark still on, but I am also looking forward to discovering the different smells of burning cherry, or apple, or hickory (hazelnut). But best of all I think is Eucalyptus botrioides, but where the first four are frost-tolerant, E. botrioides is a coastal tree and prefers good drainage.  All gums must be fed and weeded or they will die. • be moderately wind firm; And the firewood from brown barrel gum produces hot and lasting fires. Tolerates most soils except extremely wet or dry. Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. The best way to recycle poly pots is to reuse them ! A fast-growing tall, straight tree. The oils in the wood along with the ability to create an intense flame has led some wood stove distributers or chimney sweeps to recommend not burning the wood. Nitens do not have lignotubers, and are therefore not suited to coppicing. Eucalyptus Nitens grown in Ireland for firewood and biomass. “If you have animals to feed, tagasaste makes both great drought forage and fuelwood although for firewood, it is best not to prune it. • your soil type/s. They are a fascinating, beautiful, versatile, and highly evolved group of trees and our mission is to help people select the right Eucalyptus tree for … Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and … And I still like E. saligna, it is a great coppicer, has red, moderately durable timber and is fairly shade-tolerant. The hybrid cypresses are great for firewood – you can shave off kindling thinner than cardboard. Best firewood I know of is drooping sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata) which they once used to drive the Murray river steamers. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. The long, thin, glossy green foliage is joined by white f lowers from January to March. To grow fine timber trees, these should be close planted and then progressively thinned out (hence the fuelwood) to at least 10-12m spacings. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. Do not plant any eucalypts within 30m of food plants, eg your vegetable gardens, as their roots go a long way. Buy Now. . Twenty years ago we planted 30 Eucalyptus nitens, dividing them between the flat and the hill above. They should all have a sign around their trunks when planted that says ‘I must be harvested before I turn 5’. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens doesn’t coppice all that reliably. $105.00. Eucalyptus firewood is known for burning very hot. • your local climate; The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. Others who live in a region where eucalyptus is prevalent have used the firewood for years, have not had any issues and love it. They can however be pollarded or cut down completely for logs. It’s nitrogen-fixing, with fast growth, and excellent shelter. Most of my customers are a bit sceptical of Nitens when they see the young trees, as they do look unusual  As above though, they grow into exceptional trees very quickly. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. Advantages: propagated from poles for free, very even, straight, quick growth, easy to fell, split and stack, coppicing allows harvest every three years, dries quickly and borer doesn’t seem to attack the stored wood, very easy to mulch the branchlets, foliage good as stock food. NEW SIZE 100 x BLUE Polypropylene Firewood SACKS PPE Bags 470mm x 810mm Start price. This species of eucalyptus is evergreen and hardy. As you can see from the photo above, and below, Nitens grow straight and if planted in a close pattern and then thinned out will produce branch free trunks, with only the canopy of lush leaves. On the other hand, it tolerates harsh, dry, exposed sites, and male trees are attractive in the autumn. Eucalyptus: Doubts, Creeds, Myths, Facts e Realities Part 02: The opinion of the "favorable interested parties" As I have already said in the past edition of the Eucalyptus Newsletter, the Eucalyptus trees are able to bring emotions that travel from the most pure love and admiration to the most warm positions against their planting. A good species for firewood as it coppices well (resprouts after cutting); also used for very fast shelter (5m in two years on fertile sites) and pulpwood. These cookies do not store any personal information. Both are great multi-use trees and yield dense hot firewood. I’d avoid the weedy species like sycamore and black wattle, and exotic ‘bird food’ berry species which are invariably weedy (eg cherry, holly, berberis, cotoneaster, eleagnus, hawthorn). • be hardy; We can’t agree on which firewood we like to use in our wood stove but we can definitely agree on what we wouldn’t plant again: gums! Plant the right trees and they can do double duty, like firewood, and shelter, amenity, and/or habitat. There are numerous species available and Eucalyptus nitens has the most eye catching yields – a trial planted in Kent by John Purse of Prima Bio yielded over 150 oven dry tonnes in eight years. Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) is similar but taller and grows in clay. Also known as shinning gum because the adult trees have bright light coloured bark. 2. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. “I would have a range of species and include Eucalyptus microcorys (healthier roots) plus E. meulleriana, E. macrorhyncha, (stringy barks), E. fastigata (healthy everywhere although not ground durable), and perhaps E. bosistoana (durable and hard). Detailing Gunnii, Nitens and Viminalis. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood. However, the aroma of burning eucalyptus has also been described as "medicinal," which can alter the flavor of baked goods and other foods. Eucalyptus viminalis and Eucalyptus fastigata both grow nearly as fast, coppice well, get fewer pest attacks, and if you get the odd straight one you can grow it for 30 years and get valuable durable timber. You could plant it at 2-4m centres, as single species and then thin out to allow the better ones to grow fatter. eucalyptus ovata - swamp gum. Eric’s favourite is Acacia dealbata (silver wattle). Furniture, joinery, sliced veneer, benchtops, flooring, laminated beams, decking. Excellent shelter and firewood species. We first started growing Eucalyptus in 2000 and, bitten by the bug, we now produce them on a much larger scale. In a small woodlot, it’s a liability as a saw log unless you mill it yourself. If you have an average size lifestyle block (4ha/10 acres) and don’t want to plant a forest, you still don’t need to plant out a specific firewood block. Eucalyptus nitens, commonly known as shining gum or silvertop, is a species of tall tree native to Victoria and eastern New South Wales. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. Small firewood forests. Manuka is not a tall tree so it’s easy to fell and it is not difficult to cut the slash from the firewood. A regime that has worked well for E. nitens being grown for veneer logs is as follows: Age 1 and 2 Form prune the most vigorous 300sph to remove double leaders and steep-angled branches. So you know eucalyptus is good. Its form is desirable, with a straight bole up to two-thirds the height of the tree. Advantages: mostly splits easily, nitrogen-fixing properties, good leaf litter properties, coppices well, hot firewood. The spring growth brings kereru and, being a legume, the roots are nitrogen-fixing. eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. Grape prunings have taken the place of pine cones for a fire starter. If I was nervous about future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large. It doesn’t coppice but readily regenerates from its own seed. Half the timescale of Ash. However, some are finding that around 40% of the cut stumps fail to regenerate. Our lifestyle block is above the valley between Queenstown and Arrowtown, near Coronet Peak, so we get cold winters, warm summers, and around 600mm annual rainfall. They coppice well and this is strongly recommended unless you have access to a large chainsaw and a log splitter. Evidence now that it’s not as tolerant to coastal situations as first thought. Disadvantages: Borer will attack barked areas when stored creating dusty/dirty firewood, too many suckers after harvesting can be a problem. I am currently looking into best practices; for example, best time of year for regrowth purposes and I am looking into production of eucalyptus oil. Eucalyptus nitens occupies the largest area of any eucalypt species in New Zealand, thanks to its suitability for high-quality pulp. Among the top options for denser wood, I would nominate the denser acacias. “For wetter soils, there is nothing wrong with poplar. Interestingly the year I started my Eucalyptus business, 2018 which was exceptionally hot ! Is very susceptible to sawfly, ophilemus and leaf lerp although some bio-control is now available with parasites. tree is very hardy and grows rapidly in any reasonable soil. Eucalyptus nitens. The acacias would provide nitrogen and leaf litter to help breakdown the eucalypt leaves and bark and are capable of growing under a eucalypt canopy. Eucalyptus nitens (shining gum) Eucalyptus nitens is a hardwood species with a pretty excellent form. Ditto A. decurrens. NOTE they were in a poly tunnel. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Some kanuka could be retained to grow to a much larger size. It’s very dense, splits well, burns cleanly, but is rather slow growing. These shade-intolerant natives are renowned for their firewood properties and will self-regenerate, producing harvestable material within 10 or so years. Most of the above-mentioned species will coppice quite well. The wood of the pohutukawa is tough and springy and makes fantastic axe or hammer handles. “It grows much faster than its cousin Acacia melanoxylon, has similar density, attractive flowers in spring, and the birds don’t spread the seed. The metre stick is against the trunk, 4m from ground level. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. “We have some winter frosts, north-facing slopes, 1500mm annual rainfall, heavy clay soils, are subject to rare easterly turbulence but no salt burn. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. A lot of people like Eucalyptus nitens but I find it usually grows too fast so it blows down easily. Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. It was very noticeable that the Nitens grew very quickly to start with when the temperature was average in late spring, but then slowed down considerably, and more or less stopped growing when the temperature got into the mid 40°C range. Any pieces not suitable for woodworking are fantastic firewood, and the rest makes great mulch. What’s left is great firewood, dense and full of energy. Fast-growing, gorgeous timber and firewood tree, coppices well after 5 years. Here’s a video of a forest of Nitens in Southern Australia. Ian Stewart – NZ Tree Crops Association, Central Otago. They have attractive timber in their own right. “The eucalypts would be thinned after 5-8 years to around 8m centres, and I’d retain the best trees for vineyard posts or landscaping timber (as sawn timber starting after 15-20 years). • grow fast; Grow Your Own Firewood A selection of our faster growing Eucalyptus species suitable for growing in different environments in the UK, chosen for their ability to produce an excellent crop of high quality fuel in a relatively short period of time; between 5-12yrs for first harvest. It tolerates cool wet conditions but absolutely thrives in hot dry conditions too. eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. Sheryn Deans –  tree cropper, Tirau. Strong healthy trees with good root growth establish quickly and will require minimal if any aftercare. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. I would suggest a mix of low-density wood for kindling and starting fires and high-density wood for slower burning and more heat. Ben Gaia – Tree Crops Association, West Coast. It has smooth greyish bark, sometimes with thin, rough bark near the base, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or cylindrical fruit. So what is this multipurpose gem, originally from the Canary Islands and now naturalised in NZ since the early 1900s? Browse and purchase our Eucalyptus nitens and other products online or instore at Southern Woods. 4. “For those keen on oaks, there are now many species of evergreen Mexican oaks readily available. Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. Eucalyptus nitens: Biomass & Bioenergy woods from Galician planted forests (I) Gustavo Iglesias Trabado GIT Forestry Consulting SL ... (firewood) ever used by human beings, is one of the familiar pieces of the puzzle in development. There was one exception LOL and to start with I thought it was a rough plant, but it’s definitely a Nitens  Pictured below, about ten weeks from germination ! Root pathogens that might affect eucalypts probably won’t attack the cypresses, although the cypresses can be vulnerable to windthrow (where tree are uprooted or broken by high winds) and I’ve had a patch of mine topple in an easterly storm. Eucalyptus nitens - PB3/4 (50/60) - Shining Gum. Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. The Eucalyptus nitens plantation was just over 4 years old and the trees are 12m in height already! Eucalyptus has a fresh, distinctive scent that many enjoy in an open fire. “I read all the coppicing articles and planted scores of different timber species 20-25 years ago, so am now well qualified to give advice!”. • the size of your block; Shining Gum.A very fast growing variety with grey-green foliage that is ideal for shelter or firewood.Hardy and tolerates frost.Evergreen growing to approximately 30m. The wood burns very hot – and the leaves very hot – creating long lasting embers and little ash. Oh, and pohutukawa honey is the best. The juvenile stems are particularly interesting ! Return them to me, and I will. Hard to believe that the trees in the photo below are only fifteen years old Again they are from the Southern Hemisphere Farm Forestry New Zealand though New Zealand does have similar climatic conditions to Ireland. WAIKATO Is Eucalyptus Good Firewood Yes. • burn cleanly. Eucalyptus botyroides The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. Denis Hockings – farm forester, Bulls. (Fast Growing Timber) $4.00. SWP research is focusing on the potential to improve the solid wood properties of E. nitens, enhancing its potential value for growers. add to cart. “I would plant coppicing species, but also some that don’t easily regenerate. WEST COAST • not grow too large, should you not get around to harvesting it soon enough; The awakening of dormant buds at leaf and branch nodes. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. The long-time Tree Crops expert planted most of his block in specialty timber trees, which means he also gets a range of beautiful firewood thanks to thinning and windfall branches. Starting in the late 19th to early 20th century trials of Eucalyptus trees were planted with varying degrees of success. Eucalyptus nitens Myrtaceae (Deane et Maiden) Maiden ECOLOGY E. nitens occurs in the hills and valleys in mountain areas, sometimes as small pure stands and often forming part of a mosaic of Eucalyptus species. Eucalyptus nitens… Description. Subsequently, wood transverse slices from the seized eucalyptus logs morphologically identified as being E. globulus and E. nitens found in the trucks were collected for dendrochronology comparison. I planted a crop of eucalyptus trees 18 years ago for firewood (sugar gum mainly). Then there are oaks, alders, poplars and willows, walnut, hazel, and honey locust that would also do well. Tree lucerne is quick growing and provides much-needed wind shelter and the trimmings can be fed to stock or make great compost. Eucalyptus nitens, shining gum Conditions: dry-moist soils (not wet), will tolerate humidity, frost, cold temperatures Very fast-growing which puts it at risk of being blown over. Once the temperature eased back to the high 20°C to low 30°C they started growing again. Eucalyptus nitens and Coppicing Summarised from an article by I C Boyer Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) has been promoted as the tree to provide us with a perpetual firewood supply. Tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis, also known as tree lucerne). Dec 16, 2013 - Firewood (coppicing) trees: Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - Tall, very hardy, exceptionally fast gum with excellent tolerance to humidity, frost, and dry to moist soils, but not prolonged waterlogging. The pictures show our last original tree, recently felled. Busy bees and bellbirds flit between its flowers in the summer. Colleen: Poplars (Tasman, Yunnanensis)
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